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Glossary of Common Terms

0 Voltage Jump Start

Discharged batteries normally have some residual voltage. Others have no voltage at all. Many chargers on the market today cannot recharge these dead batteries once they reach the 0 voltage state. Using Camelion’s technology, the charger can charge these dead batteries and bringing them back to life.

6 - Level Protection

To ensure the safety of its products Camelion employs the most advanced microprocessor technology and incorporate it into every single one of our Battery chargers. These include 6 of the following key features: -dv cut off, Timer Control, Over-temperature Protection, Reverse Polarity Protection, Over-current Control, Defective and Non-rechargeable battery detection, Short-circuit Protection.

AA

A common battery size indicator.

AAA

A common battery size indicator.

Alkaline

Chemical used in batteries, primarily in the anode

Alloy

A chemical compound of two or more metals

Ampere

A measure of electric current

Anode

The positive (+) terminal of a battery. The anode typically contains a deficit of electrons when connected to the cathode an electric current forms.

Battery Leakage

Batteries will sometimes corrode and leak electrolytic fluid. This may occur when batteries are unused for a long time or are used in the wrong devices. In such cases the battery should be discarded.

Capacity

The total number of ampere/hours or watt/hours that can be withdrawn from a fully-charged cell or battery under specific conditions.

Cathode

The negative terminal of a battery, which contains a large quantity of electrons. Together with the anode, this is a basic building block of a battery. During discharge, the positive electrode of the cell is the cathode. During charging in a rechargeable battery, the negative electrode is the cathode.

Charger

An electronic device that recharges the rechargeable. Many manufacturers produce chargers for their rechargeable batteries.

Charging Current

The current used to charge up a rechargeable battery.

Charging Cycle

The complete process of charging up a rechargeable battery. When a rechargeable battery's capacity has been depleted, it should be inserted into a charger for a certain period of time. The charger provides a charging current that restores the capacity in the battery so it can be used again. This process is called the charging cycle. Some rechargeable batteries can support up to 1000 charges or charging cycles.

Charging Time

The period of time it takes for the charger to charge up a rechargeable battery.

Chemistry

The chemical composition or arrangement of a material or substance.

-DV Control

This is a precise term that tracks the rates of change of battery voltage (dv/dt). This allows optimal charging by eliminating the overcharging and compromise of traditional fixed charge timers. The battery stops charging when the battery is fully-charged and enters float-charging mode.

Discharge Curve

A measure of the decrease in capacity charted against time during the discharge of a battery.

Electric Current

A flow of electrons between an anode and a cathode.

Electric Device

A device such as digital cameras, MP3 players etc… that uses electric energy to operate.

Electron

A negatively charged component of an atom.

Fast Charge

The ability of a charger to charge a rechargeable battery in a few hours or less.

High Drain Device

Devices that requires a high discharge current, such as a digital with camera flash or toy racing car

Independent Charging Channels

Each charging channels is independent from one another, allowing simultaneous charging of different capacity, type, and length of batteries.

Lead Acid

A type of chemical used in batteries.

Low Current Leakage

If the battery charger is not connected to a power input and the batteries are left in the charger, the batteries will discharge. To minimize the loss of battery charge, the charger will discharge the batteries using the lowest possible current.

Low Drain Device

A device that requires a low discharge current, such as a wrist watch, lamp or remote control.

MAh

Milli ampere/hours, a measure of flowing current within an hour

Mains Voltage

The household voltage, typically 110-120 or 220-240 V AC

Memory Effect

A phenomenon in which a cell or battery operated in successive cycles to the same, but less than full, depth of discharge temporarily loses the rest of its capacity at normal voltage levels.

Mercury

A metal used in many older batteries, considered toxic and environmentally harmful.

Nickel Cadmium

A common chemical compound used in rechargeable batteries, considered toxic and environmentally harmful.

Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH)

A common chemical compound used in rechargeable batteries

Operating Voltage

The actual voltage of a battery while it is being used (discharged)

Over-current Protection

The adapter ensures the charging current is within the specifications of the power regulation circuits within the equipment, preventing equipment damage or safety hazards.

Over-temperature Protection

If the internal case temperature rises to an unusually high level then the system will shut down. When the temperature has settled to a safe level the full charge current will be available. The cut-off temperature depends on the model e.g. 57C for the Camelion Easy to Use F60 charger

Recharge Cycles

The number of times a battery can be recharged

Rechargeable Battery

A battery that can be recharged by using a charger, Typically batteries can be recharged 500-1000 times under normal conditions.

Reverse Polarity Protection

Prevents damage to the charger if the battery is connected in reverse. The charger automatically detects if battery is inserted improperly i.e. positive is put against the negative plate and vice versa.

Self-Discharge

The loss of capacity within the battery due to the chemical reactions of the materials inside the battery during periods of storing.

Shelf Life

The lifespan of a battery under specified conditions. At the end of which, the battery still retain the ability to perform to a certain extent.

Short-Circuit Protection

Prevents damage to the charger if the dc output is short-circuited.

Single Use Battery

Also known as Primary Battery, a type of battery that cannot be recharged and must be disposed of once the charge of the battery is completely drained.

Special Disposal

All batteries should be disposed of and recycled properly. Heavy lead-based batteries have toxic materials and should be disposed of in accordance with appropriate environmental regulations.

Storage Life

The maximum length of time a battery can be stored without losing most of its capacity.

Time-out Control

The timer function of battery charger that will switch off the charging current after a specified period of time

Trickle Charge Current

A small current that continue to charge the batteries when the batteries are already fully charged to maintain full capacity.

Voltage Jump Start?

The function of reviving a 0 volt rechargeable battery

Wattage

A measure of electric power, typically expressed in watts or kilowatts.

Zinc Alkaline Battery

Uses zinc as the cathode, a potassium hydroxide electrolyte and manganese dioxide as the anode. Camelion Plus and Ultra Alkaline Batteries are zinc alkaline batteries.

Zinc Carbon Battery

Uses zinc as the cathode, a zinc chloride electrolyte and manganese dioxide as the anode. Camelion Super Heavy Duty Batteries are zinc-carbon batteries.